Canker sores is a painful shallow ulcer of the mouth thathas a grayish-white base surrounded by a reddish inflamed area and is of uncertaincause but is not due to the virus causingherpes simplex.
Multiple factors may cause canker sores, including injury to the mouth, acidic or spicy foods, vitamin deficiencies, hormones, stress, or autoimmune disorders.
Canker sores are not the same thing as fever blisters (cold sores). Most canker sores require no treatment and heal on their own.
You might get them outside your lips, inside your cheeks, the base of your gums or under your tongue
Can Canker Sores Be Prevented?
Although there is no cure for canker sores, and they often recur, you may be able to reduce their frequency by:
Avoiding foods that irritate your mouth, including citrus fruits, acidic vegetables, and spicy foods
Avoiding irritation from gum chewing
Brushing with a soft-bristled brush after meals and flossing daily, which will keep your mouth free of foods that might trigger a sore
You should call your dentist about canker sores if you have:
Unusually large sores
Sores that are spreading
Sores that last 3 weeks or longer
Intolerable pain despite avoiding trigger foods and taking over-the-counter pain medication
Difficulty drinking enough fluids
A high fever with the appearance of the canker sores
If a person already has a canker sore, there are home remedies that can be used to help relieve the pain or irritation caused by the sore and to speed healing:
Topical medications applied directly on the sore, mouthwashes, and oral medications can relieve pain or inflammation.
Allow ice chips to dissolve slowly in your moth for relief of pain.
Avoid acidic foods such as citrus fruits or spicy foods that may aggravate the sore.
If there is any vitamin deficiency (a doctor can test for this), take supplementation as prescribed.
Brush teeth gently and use a brush with soft bristles.
Use toothpaste and mouthwash that does not contain sodium lauryl sulfate.
Another home remedy is to mix milk of magnesia with Benadryl liquid and use as a mouth rinse.You can also dab milk of magnesia directly onto the canker sore with a cotton swab.
Rinse your mouth with a salt water or baking soda rinse. Mix 1 teaspoon of baking soda per ½ cup water, and rinse.
Other natural remedies include goldenseal mouth rinse, deglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) gargled in warm water, and saltwater rinses.
Zinc lozenges may help provide relief and speed healing time. Do not give lozenges to young children, as they may be a choking risk.
Vitamin C, vitamin B complex, and lysine can be taken orally when lesions first appear and may help speed healing.
Infuse sage and chamomile herbs in water and use as a mouthwash four to six times daily.
The herb Echinacea may help speed healing
Carrot, celery, and cantaloupe juices may also be helpfull.